The Avio® 220 Max is a compact, hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES instrument, ideal for labs with low-to-medium throughput requirements. Its unique plug-and-play capabilities make the Avio 220 Max the ICP with the fastest startup on the market – cold start to analysis in only 10 minutes – saving you time and operating costs by allowing you to shut down the instrument between runs. Plus, it utilizes a vertical plasma and is engineered to handle even the most difficult, high-matrix samples without dilution, delivering productivity, performance and faster return on investment. And last but certainly not least, Syngistix™ for ICP software provides an intuitive and smart environment with smart monitoring for real-time instrument and sample diagnostics as well as results viewing to easily track sample analysis, quality control, and internal standard performance to guarantee sample accuracy.
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Proprietary features on the Avio 220 Max ICP-OES include:
And for added flexibility, the Avio 220 Max is available in two configurations, allowing you to select the option best suited for your application(s). This configuration of the Avio 220 Max is equipped with Scott/Cross-Flow sample introduction, suitable for most applications even those requiring hydrofluoric acid.
|21 CFR Part 11 Compatible||Yes|
|Model Name||Avio 220 Max Scott/Cross-Flow|
Due to its unique characteristics, aluminum (Al) is used in a wide variety of commercial and industrial applications. Its utility can be further enhanced by combining it with other metals to create aluminum-based alloys, where the non-aluminum additives can make up to 15% of the total alloy, by weight.
Because of its popularity and multiple compositions, the London Metal Exchange (LME) lists four different specifications for Al alloy compositions. In these specifications, silicon, copper, zinc, and iron are considered major additions, as they are mostly greater than 1% composition by weight. Therefore, these four elements must be determined with greater accuracy (± 2%) than the others.
This work describes the determination of additives to Al in aluminum alloys at the LME specifications using the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, an ideal choice for labs performing this application thanks to its charge-coupled device (CCD) detector, providing simultaneous background and analyte measurement, important when dealing with complex matrices, such as alloys.
The extraction of metals from ore at a mining plant requires the routine analysis of various samples, which include the feed (crushed ore), the tails (waste ore after processing) and the concentrate (final product). In this work, reference materials were analyzed for copper (Cu), iron (Fe), silver (Ag) and arsenic (As) using the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, ideal for laboratories looking to improve productivity for analyses usually performed with flame atomic absorption spectroscopy, which can only measure one element at a time.
Due to aluminum’s varied uses and popularity, there are many grades available. The London Metal Exchange (LME) lists specifications for two commonly-used aluminum (Al) purities: 99.5% and 99.7%1, with each having up to six inorganic impurities specified. ICP-OES is the best technique for measuring these impurities at these levels due to its ability to easily handle high-matrix samples and simplicity of operation.
This work describes the analysis of impurities in Al at the LME specifications using the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, an ideal choice for this application – its optical design provides excellent light throughput, essential for measuring lower concentrations with shorter analytical times, plus, its charge-coupled device (CCD detector) provides simultaneous background and analyte measurement, important for samples such as metal matrices.
With heavy machinery, it is important to assess its status during operation to prevent breakdowns and costly repairs. A key aspect is monitoring the status of the oil or lubricants used to lubricate various components such as engines, transmissions, gearboxes and many other important areas: if the oil degrades too much or becomes highly contaminated, it can damage various components. Because of its importance, ASTM created a method for the analysis of in-service oils: method D5185.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to perform a common implementation of ASTM method D5185 for in-service oil analysis.
For food manufacturers and processors, it is important to be able to quantify the content of food products, including micronutrients, for both safety and quality reasons along with regulatory label-claim requirements, and ICP-OES is generally favored in a multi-element analytical environment with detection capabilities appropriate for nutritional analysis.
This work focuses on the analysis of micronutrients in a variety of commercial juice products using the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES with sample preparation performed using a Titan MPS™ microwave digestion system.
With its great importance, milk is available in several different forms: fresh, boxed (ultraheat treated), powdered, and evaporated. The most commonly consumed form varies globally, being dependent on factors such as geography, culture, and climate. For milk producers, internal quality control and the possibility of external monitoring provide strong incentives for the ability to quickly, accurately, and easily monitor nutrients in their products.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to reliably and effectively analyze a variety of milk samples for an array of elements over a wide range of concentrations.
When blending base oils and additives for use as lubricants, it is important to know and control the concentrations of certain elements for optimal performance and longer engine life. Because this process is so crucial, ASTM developed a method for monitoring this procedure – ASTM method D4951 – which covers barium, boron, calcium, copper, magnesium, molybdenum, phosphorus, sulfur, and zinc. However, not all these elements need to be measured all the time – the blends and additives are specified to meet certain performance specifications which can vary among oil types, depending on their final use.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to accurately and rapidly analyze additives in lubricating oils following ASTM method D4951.
Routine analysis of plating bath solutions is critical in order to maintain the recommended formulation, but presents several challenges: the presence of particulates, the need to monitor different element groups during a typical analysis day, and the need to accurately measure high concentrations. Both flame AA and ICP-OES are typically used to analyze plating bath samples. However, ICP-OES offers two distinct advantages: higher linear range and its multi-element capability.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to accurately measure high concentrations of plating bath elements. With the combination of the auto-integration and Attenuation mode capabilities, high analyte concentrations can be easily and accurately measured, as the linear range of the instrument is greatly extended, minimizing the need for dilution, which reduces contamination and gains efficiency by allowing the analysis of major, minor or trace elements in the same sample without the need for multiple dilutions.
Since early 2018, manufacturers of pharmaceutical products are mandated to comply with USP <232/<233> requirements around the analysis of elemental impurities in medications. This work demonstrates the ability of PerkinElmer’s Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to pass validation testing for Class 1 and 2A elements for USP <232>/<233> methodology, while allowing labs to comply with 21 CFR Part 11.
The production of fertilizer is a key industry for a country's agricultural sector, with the main benefit of increasing crop productivity. The primary elements of interest in fertilizers are categorized into four classes: primary nutrients, secondary nutrients, micronutrients, and trace elements. Although a variety of techniques may be used for the measurement of trace elements in fertilizer, ICP-OES offers the best combination of cost, simplicity, ruggedness and accuracy, and also has a dynamic range which is appropriate for the concentrations expected in fertilizer samples.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to meet Thai regulatory limits for trace elements in fertilizers through the analysis of reference materials.
The determination of arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) by ICP-OES is challenging because both elements are weak emitters, which makes it difficult to measure low concentrations. In addition, in many sample types, both As and Se are present in low concentrations; the combination of low concentrations and inherently low signals makes it difficult to measure low levels of As and Se by ICP-OES.
This work describes the analysis of As and Se in drinking water using the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES with continuous flow hydride generation, utilizing a single pre-reduction technique which enables the measurement of both elements at the same time.
During the production of palm oil, 3-MCPD forms from the reaction of acylglycerol with the chloride ion (Cl-). 3-MCPD is a potentially carcinogenic compound, with a tolerable daily intake of 2 µg/kg of bodyweight. As a result, the palm oil industry limits the 3-MCPD concentration to less than 10 mg/kg.
Because 3-MCPD only forms in the presence of Cl-, removal of free Cl- is critical. Chloride is introduced from the raw palm fruit, which accumulates Cl- by uptake from the soil, water, and fertilizer. During the processing of the palm fruit, steam is introduced to remove as much Cl as possible. However, if all Cl is not removed, 3-MCPD can be formed in further refining steps. Therefore, after initial processing, the crude palm oil (CPO) must be monitored for chloride content.
This work describes the ability to measure chloride extracted from palm oil by ICP-OES, leveraging the unique capabilities of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous system.
The analysis of soils for elemental contents presents challenges during the sample preparation step. A common method for preparing a soil sample for inorganic elemental analysis involves digesting the soil sample in an acid that is heated to near-boiling to extract the elements for analysis. When using open vessels in heating blocks, this extraction method typically takes four hours or more to complete. The sample must then be centrifuged or filtered to remove solid particles prior to analysis. The use of a microwave digestion system can speed this up significantly by completing the acid digestion in less than 50 minutes.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to reliably and effectively analyze a variety of soil samples for an array of elements over a wide range of concentrations.
With the increasing demand for electronics, manufacturers are continually developing new products with enhanced capabilities, and consequently, the lifetime of electronics is becoming shorter as consumers more frequently upgrade to newer, more advanced models. The result is an increasing number of electronics being discarded, with a high likelihood that metals will enter the environment. To address this issue, the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive implements limits for the levels of toxic metals of greatest concern, which can be present in electronic devices.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES along with the Titan MPS™ microwave digestion system to rapidly and accurately measure elements in a variety of sample types which fall under the RoHS directive.
The most common form of brines is sodium chloride (NaCl)-based. These are used primarily in the production of chlorine gas (Cl2) via electrolysis and the polymeric membrane cell process, in which brines are passed through an ion-exchange membrane, where the brine is de-chlorinated via electrolysis to produce chlorine gas. This is the most widely used means of producing Cl2 because the membrane cell process consumes the least amount of energy compared to other Cl2 production processes.
The membrane must remain clean, as contamination will poison it. And since replacing the membrane is expensive, it should only be changed when needed – this can be defined by monitoring the elemental concentrations in the brine, particularly elements which can poison the membrane: aluminum, barium, calcium, iron, magnesium, nickel, silicon, and strontium. These elements should be present at less than 0.1 mg/L in the brine, meaning that low concentrations have to be measured accurately.
Brine analysis presents a challenge due to the extremely high levels of total dissolved solids and the low analyte levels. And because of its ability to handle high levels of dissolved solids, ICP-OES is the preferred analytical technique for brine analysis.
This work demonstrates the ability of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES to accurately measure important contaminants at low levels in brines.
The popularity of palm oil and its many end products has been growing rapidly. However, due to the possible presence of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) generated during the refinery process, refined palm oil can have potential health risks to the consumer. 3-MCPD is the product of the chemical reaction of acyl glycerol with organic and inorganic bound chloride at high temperatures – therefore, monitoring chlorine content during the entire palm oil production process plays a key role, as the earlier chlorine is detected, the more effective the precautions can be taken to avoid 3-MCPD formation in the refined palm oil.
There are many ways to measure chlorine (Cl), with titration being one of the most used methods. Although easy to operate, titration is an indirect measurement and therefore not as reproducible as direct measurement; plus, it is only a single-element analysis. ICP-OES, instead, has the advantage of being a multi-purpose and multi-element technique. This work describes the analysis of chlorine in different parts of palm trees used in the production of palm oil, leveraging the multi-elemental capabilities of the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, which provides direct Cl measurements and the capability to measure both major and micronutrients in fertilizer, as well as the soil in palm plantations.
Nowadays, laboratories are expected to tackle quick turnaround times and meet lower detection limits, while at the same time deliver high levels of sample accuracy – and although workloads and workflows may vary, the need to work quickly doesn’t. Plus, labs are looking to lower operating costs and reduce maintenance.
Meet the Avio® Max series – the ICP-OES systems that are as comfortable with multitasking as you are. No matter your workload or workflow needs, you can rely on the Avio Max series for robust and low-maintenance ICPs, delivering ease of use with intuitive, smart software and low cost of ownership.
Learn more about the advantages of the Avio Max series ICP-OES – download the interactive brochure.
Feed milling today is a complex business, and agribusinesses both large and small need to balance the nutritional and safety needs of livestock with availability of raw ingredients and their seasonality and variability. Add to that the valuable supplementation and medication that millers supply, and it’s clear: you’re creating a complete nutritional delivery system, not just a simple mix of grains.
As the world moves to embrace renewable energy sources and reduce our global CO2 emissions, it will also be more dependent than ever on better battery technology, powering the demands of industries such as automotive, energy storage, and portable consumer goods like power tools, computers, and phones. We understand that laboratories analyzing battery components need reliable, accurate solutions and services to help them to:
Atomic spectroscopy is a family of techniques for determining the elemental composition of an analyte by its electromagnetic or mass spectrum. Several analytical techniques are available:
And selecting the most appropriate one is the key to achieving accurate, reliable, real-world results.
This guide provides a basic overview of the most commonly used techniques and the information necessary to help you select the one that best suits your specific needs and applications.
The Avio® 220 Max, the industry's only hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, is a robust and matrix-tolerant system with plug-and-play performance taking you from cold start to analysis in just 10 minutes – ideal for labs with low-to-mid throughput requirements. The instrument’s performance is further optimized by Syngistix™ for ICP software, thanks to a host of smart features developed with the user in mind, providing smart workflows, smart monitoring and smart data.
Download this product note to learn more about the unique advantages of the Avio 220 Max, the ICP-OES system that takes “everyday” to a new level.
PerkinElmer's Syngistix™ is a workflow-based software designed to offer a harmonized user experience across PerkinElmer’s AA, ICP and ICP-MS platforms.
Syngistix™ for ICP software boasts a number of smart features designed to optimize your workflows and the performance of the Avio® Max ICP-OES instruments – from initial instrument setup to final results – for consistent, efficient, reliable operation. Flexible and easy to use, these smart features offer immediate benefits whether you’re running the instruments, running the laboratory, or running the business.
Download this product note to learn more about Syngistix for ICP software.
Product Certificate for the Avio 200 and Avio 200 Max Series
ICP-OES is a rugged, robust technique capable of analyzing complex matrices containing percent levels of dissolved solids without the need for dilution. Nevertheless, to ensure accurate, robust analyses several challenges must be overcome. Two important obstacles are self-absorption by the plasma and dealing with the dissolved solids which are not vaporized in the plasma. PerkinElmer’s proprietary PlasmaShear™ technology is a fully integrated and automated interference-removal system that delivers problem-free axial analysis while protecting the optics from corrosion and deposition.
Learn more about the benefits of PlasmaShear technology, only available on the Avio® Max series ICP-OES - download the technical note.
In ICP-OES analyses, it is common to measure elements present at high concentrations, such as minerals, matrix elements in alloys, and plating bath solutions, to name just a few examples. However, when concentrations are too high, the response becomes non-linear, which can lead to inaccurate results.
Attenuation mode, only available on the Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES, selectively reduces analyte signal, allowing higher concentrations to be measured, thereby extending the dynamic range of ICP-OES without affecting the ability to measure analytes present at lower concentrations. These unique capabilities provide the user simplified methodology, minimal sample dilution, and the ability to measure higher concentrations without having to use and characterize alternate wavelengths.
The Avio® 220 Max hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES features a dual backside illuminated charge-coupled device (DBI-CCD) detector which simultaneously measures a wavelength range around the analytical wavelength (within a given CCD array), including the background correction wavelength(s). Unique to the Avio 220 Max, background correction readings are made at exactly the same time as analyte measurements with significant improvements in analytical accuracy.
Read more about the Avio 220 Max’s solid-state detector with hybrid simultaneous analysis – download this technical note.
PerkinElmer's Avio® Max series ICP-OES spectrometers feature a free-running solid-state RF generator for Flat Plate™ plasma, a proprietary technology which generates a transversely symmetrical plasma, replacing previous helical-coil induction. This approach produces a flat-bottom shaped plasma which prevents sample and vapors from escaping around the outside. With Flat Plate technology, the same robust, matrix-tolerant plasma is generated and maintained with approximately half the argon consumption of helical load-coil systems. Maintenance-free, this innovative approach to RF generation minimizes operating costs without compromising performance.
Download this technical note to learn more about the Avio Max series' RF generator and Flat Plate plasma technology.
A robust and stable plasma is essential when performing analytical analyses by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The plasma is traditionally generated by passing argon through a series of concentric quartz tubes (the ICP torch) within a helical, radio frequency (RF) induction coil. Once established, this highly-ionized argon plasma canreach temperatures as high as 10,000 K, allowing for complete atomization of the compounds within a sample and minimizing the potential for chemical interferences.
PerkinElmer's patented Flat Plate™ plasma technology for the Avio® Max series ICP-OES provides several advantages over traditional helical coil systems - while capable of accommodating the same sample introduction systems and achieving comparable analytical precision, Flat Plate technology achieves greater plasma robustness and stability because of its unique design, leading to less sample loss, greater analytical signal, lower argon consumption, and less maintenance.
Read more about the benefits of Flat Plate plasma technology - download the technical note.
Baseline and interfering element correction (IEC) are used with ICP optical emission spectrometry to correct analytical signals for contributions from the plasma, the matrix or elements other than the analyte. If the contributions from these components are not corrected accurately, the analytical result will be erroneous. Yet both correction techniques rely on interpolated or extrapolated correction factors. Although the two techniques can improve performance with some types of samples, they are not universally applicable.
For greater accuracy, using a full segment of the spectrum around the analyte wavelength is preferred to using just one or two points. To address this, PerkinElmer developed Multicomponent Spectral Fitting (MSF), a standard feature on the Avio® Max series ICP-OES instruments. MSF can significantly improve your analytical results – detection limits, accuracy, and precision.
Learn more about Multicomponent Spectral Fitting on the Avio Max series ICP-OES – download this technical note.
PerkinElmer's Avio® 220 Max ICP-OES delivers outstanding analytical performance thanks to the combination of its double-monochromator optical system and a range of other proprietary technologies that are part of this unique hybrid simultaneous ICP-OES solution.
Read more about the Avio 220 Max’s novel optical system, download this technical note.
The Avio® Max series ICP-OES incorporates a vertically oriented plasma with complete dual-viewing optics under computer and software control. Its dual view technology optimizes axial and radial plasma viewing to the extended linear dynamic range, measuring high and low concentrations in the same run, regardless of wavelength. Any wavelength can be used in the radial, axial, or mixed viewing modes in a single method without sacrificing quality, truly offering the best of both worlds.
Read more about the benefits of dual view technology on the Avio Max series vertical plasma ICP-OES spectrometers – download the technical note.