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As the demand for solar power continues to grow, there needs to be a clear focus on different key issues in the life cycle of a solar cell. These issues are: efficiency, durability and cost. Coupling PerkinElmer’s application knowledge and experience together with our product portfolio, we can help manufacturers overcome these obstacles. At PerkinElmer, we’re taking action to ensure the quality of our environment.
There is a growing body of evidence showing that there are significant differences between some nanomaterials and their non-nanoscale counterparts. What those differences portend raises many new questions about their potential to cause harm to human health and the environment.
Crude Palm Oil (CPO) is a raw material used in the production of margarine and other vegetable oil based food products. CPO is traded and there are quality specifications based on free fatty acids (FFAs) as well as moisture and impurities. Margarine manufacturers also want to assess the CPO’s ‘fitness for refining’ which is measured by the Deterioration of Bleachability Index (DOBI). A DOBI index of less than 1.8 indicates a poor quality oil; a DOBI index > 3 indicates a high quality oil.
The primary goal of this technical note is to guide the user through the accessory selection process for different specular/ diffuse samples. This will be achieved by measuring identical samples with varying contributions of diffuse and specular reflection, on three different reflection accessories, and then comparing the spectra generated.
The measurement of the band gap of materials is important in the semiconductor, nanomaterial and solar industries. This note demonstrates how the band gap of a material can be determined from its UV absorption spectrum
UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy is used to study the optical properties of photovoltaic cells. The various phenomena involved (reflectance, transmittance, absorbance) are considered along with the equipment required to measure them. The study is based on a silicon cell and involves calculations to determine its selective reflectivity.
UV/Vis/NIR absorption spectroscopy has evolved to a very powerful characterization tool of carbon nanotube dispersions and has thus contributed a significant share to the insights on nanotube purity, functionalization and sorting that were elaborated the past years.
We evaluated a 3M® visible mirror film for potential use in a new curved photovoltaic module using a LAMBDA 950 spectrophotometer with an ARTA accessory. In this application, the 3M® film must transmit near-infrared photons to the underlying silicon solar cells (where they will be converted directly to electricity) while reflecting visible photons to the focus of the module where they may be absorbed by, for example a wavelength-agnostic thermal absorber used to drive a heat engine.
From the start of our busy days to the end, electricity is the life blood that keeps us going. We cook, heat, clean, light, work, communicate and are entertained all driven by electricity. The most common modes of generation are hydro, nuclear geothermal or fossil fuel powered. There is a clear need throughout the world to develop clean renewable sustainable sources of power to support growing economies and reduce our carbon footprint.
Advanced instrumentation is key to work in nano-materials. Functional tools such as optical and thermal measurement techniques allow the characterization of materials. As such, they complement imaging tools such AFM and TEM-SEM which give spatial information on the structure of the materials. This poster presents examples of recent challenging measurements carried out in band gap analysis, plasmon resonance and polymorphic structure.
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