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For laboratories analyzing everything from air quality to flavors and fragrances, thermal desorption offers a faster, easier, more cost-efficient way to prepare samples for GC or GC/MS analysis. Ideal for the trace-level measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)—as well as most semi-volatile chemicals—thermal desorption lets you avoid time-consuming, manual, solvent-based sample preparation in favor of a simple, streamlined, automated approach. It also delivers the added benefits of superior throughput and enhanced sensitivity.
In today’s budget-constrained, yet highly competitive laboratory environments, the samples you’re being asked to analyze – whether food, pharmaceutical, petrochemical, or environmental – are increasingly difficult. But for some labs, having a dedicated GC for every application isn’t an option. For them, a GC that can do it all isn’t just a nice-to have, it’s a necessity
The analysis of C2 to C12 volatile organic ozone-precursor compounds can present a serious technical challenge to the analytical chemist. Low concentrations in the atmosphere coupled with the need to monitor frequently to assess diurnal variations means that a preconcentration step of the sample before analysis by thermal desorption is required. While the samples can be collected in the field and returned to the laboratory, remote, field-based analysis is desired which allows reduced data turnaround time, minimizes sample collection hardware and permits the presence or absence of VOCs to be correlated with meteorological data. In the field, low-molecular-weight C2 VOCs can be trapped on solid adsorbents if those adsorbents are cryogenically cooled.
Optimized methods are needed for the analysis of toxic compounds in air to understand the impact to human health. People breathe approximately 20,000 liters of air a day so this concern is significant. EPA Method TO-17 is used to determine toxic compounds in air after they have been collected onto sorbent tubes. This application note demonstrates that the PerkinElmer TurboMatrix™ Thermal Desorber and the PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS will meet and exceed the criteria set forth in EPA method TO-17. Detailed instrument method parameters are presented, with precision, recovery, linearity and detection limit results.
This analysis focuses on the detection of trace level semi-volatile organic compounds in extracts from solid waste matrices, soils, air sampling media and water samples. The method lists over 200 compounds however a majority of laboratories target between 60 and 90 for most analyses. The study presented here demonstrates the PerkinElmer® Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS, not only meets the method requirements but provides users flexibility to satisfy their individual productivity demands. An extended calibration range is presented as are the advantages of the Clarifi™ detector.
This application note will concentrate on the potency identification and quantification of THC and CBD in cannabis by Gas Chromatography. Other application notes will cover potency by HPLC, pesticide analysis and residual solvent analyses. Analysis of cannabis has taken on new importance in light of legalized marijuana in several states of the USA. Cannabis contains several different components classed as cannabinoids. Primary cannabinoids of interest are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). Positive identification and quantification of the THC/CBD ratio is a primary objective in the analysis of cannabis. Cannabis is analyzed for several different purposes.
The synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) may require multiple reaction steps that produce undesirable reaction byproducts or utilize various solvents that have to be removed from the finished product. These solvents and byproducts may be measured with headspace gas chromatography for those volatile residual organic solvents according to the USP chapter 467 method. Method USP 467 classifies residual solvents into three classes according to toxicity; class 1 solvents are to be avoided unless there is strong justification, class 2 solvents are those that should be limited due to toxicity concerns.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have been identified as a major source of air pollution, and as such, have been regulated as a cause of both primary and secondary pollution, such as photochemistry smog. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) regulates 189 hazardous air pollutants under the Clean Air Act (CAA) of 1990, 51% of which are VOCs. The CAA offers further regulation and guidance for the monitoring of VOCs and ozone pollution in ambient air with a list of 57 ozone-precursor target analytes monitored under U.S. EPA’s Technical Assistance Document for Sampling and Analysis of Ozone Precursors, EPA/600-R-98/161 (1998)1, as well as the requirement of states to establish Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS). This paper details an application for VOC monitoring with an extended target compound list utilizing a PerkinElmer TurboMatrix™ 300 TD and PerkinElmer Clarus® 580 GC. The application note demonstrates results with good repeatability, linearity and detection limits.
Customer complaints of odors within a new car are rising with the increasing number of new car buyers. Although odors can be subjective, it is now well known that the new car smell is the result of chemicals emitted from the in-vehicle interior components such as the dashboard, interior panels, seat coverings, flooring materials, and so on. This application note describes a method for the automotive industry that provides a qualitative analysis and the olfactory character of each component using the TD-GC/MS-Olfactory Port.
BTEX are regulated toxic compounds while benzene is also an EPA target carcinogen. The investigation of these compounds, especially in drinking water at low levels, is critical to protect public health. This application note focuses on exceeding the current EPA detection limit requirement for BTEX while meeting and/or exceeding all other criteria in EPA method 524.2 for these analytes.
To meet the demands of complex petrochemical testing, our new Clarus® 590 and 690 gas chromatography (GC) instruments are preconfigured to provide a turnkey solution for a wide range of applications, including Simulated Distillation. We deliver a complete, ready-to-go system for faster, more efficient analysis in compliance with ASTM methods. Discover how the Clarus GC instruments enable the superior sensitivity and throughput you need for your most critical applications – plus the versatility to handle more.
As an alternative to tetraethyl lead, t-Butyl methyl ether (MTBE) has been widely used as an octane enhancer for gasoline. Studies have found increasingly high levels of MTBE in groundwater, often a result of accidental spills or leaking underground storage tanks. In this paper, a method for the determination of MTBE in water and soil was established using the PerkinElmer Clarus® 690 GC/FID with the TurboMatrix™ HS-40 Trap.