Most cannabis extraction processes, independent of solvent or instrument choice, undergo a decarboxylation step whereby the carboxylic acid functional group is removed from the cannabinoids. The PerkinElmer Spectrum Two with the UATR accessory allows for the simple and rapid determination of cannabinoid concentrations in cannabis extract. The FT-IR-ATR technique offers a real-time solution to decarboxylation reaction monitoring. The ability to monitor this reaction over time would enable manufacturers of cannabis extract to optimize extraction conditions and identify process deviations. The FT-IR-ATR technique requires small sample quantities, zero sample preparation and minimal operator training.