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Clarus SQ 8C GC/Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS)

Our Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS offers unsurpassed sensitivity and unparalleled stability for identification and quantitation of volatile and semi-volatile compounds (VOC and SVOC). It's designed to deliver high throughput, rugged dependability, and great results. Plus, with our patented SMARTsource (for both EI and CI), maintenance is easy.

Part Number
Product Group
N6480014
Clarus SQ 8C
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N6480012
Clarus SQ 8T
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N6480013
Clarus SQ 8S
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Overview

Sensitivity. Stability. Versatility. Introducing the new Clarus® SQ 8 gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS). This world-class system delivers uncompromised performance with consistent ultra-trace detection limits consistently and reliably – time after time.

The revolutionary Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS is engineered around the industry’s most sensitive, yet durable Clarifi detector and a unique SMARTsource (Simplified Maintenance And Removal Technology) that is easy to remove and clean – without tools. The Clarifi detector provides you with the flexibility to choose your ideal level of sensitivity and dynamic range, eliminates background noise and maximizes analyte signals. SMARTsource enables you to virtually reconfigure between EI and CI – simply and quickly.

Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS features the fastest conventional GC oven available – heating up or cooling down more rapidly than other competitive ovens. Plus, the system is driven by our sample-centric TurboMass software for ease-of-use from data collection to evaluation and reporting. Combine the Clarus SQ 8 GC/MS with our market-leading TurboMatrix sample handling, user-friendly software and world-class service for an integrated, complete analytical solution from a single source.

Specifications

Height 50.0 cm
Maximum Temperature 30 °C
Minimum Temperature 10 °C
Product Brand Name Clarus
Product Group Clarus SQ 8C
Weight 50.0 kg
Width 32.0 cm

Configurations

System Configurations Clarus SQ 8S Clarus SQ 8T Clarus SQ 8C
Ionization Type(s) EI EI EI/CI
Signal to Noise Specification 650:1 1500:1 1500:1
Turbomolecular Pump Capacity 75 L/sec 255 L/sec 255 L/sec
Pump-Down Time < 5 mins < 3 mins < 3 mins
Resources, Events & More
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Application Note

Analysis of 24 Polar and Non-Polar Volatile Organic Compound (VOCs) Emissions from Stationary Source

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been recognized as a primary source of air pollution, and are known photochemical reaction precursors which facilitate the production of tropospheric, or ground-level, ozone. Ground-level ozone can have significant impacts on human health, and contributes to climate change throughout the world. VOC emissions from stationary sources, such as ducts, stacks and exhaust funnels in factories, refineries and mines, have been identified as significant contributors to air pollution and ground-level ozone formation. In this paper, a qualitative and quantitative method for the analysis of 24 polar and nonpolar VOCs was established using a PerkinElmer TurboMatrix ATD and a PerkinElmer Clarus® GC/MS with electron ionization (EI) source. The method is simple, sensitive and efficient to comply with regulatory requirements.

PDF 1003 KB
Analysis of Residual Solvents in Cannabis Concentrates

Solvent such as supercritical CO2, butane, propane, other hydrocarbons, water, or alcohol are used to extract out the cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material. In some cases, the solvent and impurities from the solvent remain in the extracted material. This study will shows the analysis of residual solvents using pressure-balanced headspace (HS) sample introduction coupled with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Unambiguous separation of all compounds is obtained while maximizing sample throughput.

PDF 1 MB
Analysis of pollutants in groundwater as per European Union Directives

The European Union directives assist the member states to define the activities to be programmed and the objectives to be achieved. In this framework, the chemical analysis of the water system is the main activity to preserve the healthiness of the waterways through monitoring and detection of substances that are harmful to the environment and to the health of citizens.

This application shows this framework could be achieved with GC/MS analysis.

PDF 1 MB
Characterization of Hop Aroma Using GC/MS, Headspace Trap and Olfactory Port

Hops are a critical ingredient in beer. Aroma characterization of hops is complex; there are many compounds in hops that contribute to flavor. This application note describes a system that is able to provide both an objective chemical analysis of hop aroma using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and, at the same time, provide the means for the user to monitor the olfactory character of each component as it elutes from the chromatographic column. Such an approach allows the user to gain a fuller characterization of a particular hop sample.

PDF 3 MB
Determination of 10 Pyrethroid Pesticides in Soil by Soxhlet Extraction-GC/MS

Pyrethroids are a type of synthetic insecticides that work by attacking arthropod insects’ nervous system, with a knockdown and cidal effect that is up to 100 times higher than that of older generation insecticides, such as organochlorine (OC), organophosphorous (OP) and carbamate pesticides. Pyrethroid pesticides are used widely in agriculture, public health and grain storage, and have become one of the most widely used pesticides. Recent studies indicate that pyrethroid pesticides can bioaccumulate in some species, and that prolonged exposure may result in chronic disease, even with relatively low-dose exposure. As such, a number of countries have developed regulatory guidelines associated with safe levels of pyrethroid pesticide residues in the environment.

In this study, a Soxhlet extraction technique is used to extract target 10 pyrethroid pesticides from soil samples, with subsequent analysis using a PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS system.

PDF 489 KB
Determination of 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol in water by Derivatization in headspace and GC/MS

Chlorophenols are by-products of the drinking water purification process and are also widely used as wood preservatives, herbicides and pesticides. In this study, the derivatization and extraction happened in the headspace vials during the vial thermostatting step. The derivatization reaction is affected by temperature and time, therefore the thermostat time and oven temperature of the headspace sampler were investigated for optimum derivitization/extraction conditions.

PDF 912 KB
Determination of 24 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Smoked Meat by ASE Extraction-GPC Purification Coupled with GC/MS

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of complex compounds containing two or more benzene rings, are widely found in the environment and food. PAHs are formed during the incomplete combustion of organic matter, such as wood utilized in cooking and food preparation. They have attracted wide attention due to studies which have shown the teratogenicity and carcinogenicity of PAH compounds. For humans, food intake is one of the main sources of PAH exposure, and can be the result of contamination from anthropogenic sources, food processing or cooking practices.

In this paper, a validated method employing accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC), followed by solid phase extraction (SPE) on silica and analytical determination by GC/MS was applied for the detection of PAHs in smoked meat. The results demonstrate that the method is suitable for the simultaneous determination of 24 PAHs in smoked meat with good efficiency, accuracy and reproducibility.

PDF 1 MB
Determination of 37 Organophosphorus Pesticides in Soil by Soxhlet Extraction-GC/MS

Pesticides are a broad class of compounds used to kill a wide range of unwanted pests encountered in agricultural operations, including insects, rodents, fungi and unwanted plants. Organophosphorus pesticides (OP), generally thiophosphate or phosphate ester compounds, work by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase, which is essential to both insect and human nervous system function. As such, OP pesticides pose a health risk not only to the pests it targets, but also to humans coming into contact with residues.

In this study, a Soxhlet extraction technique is used to extract target pesticides from soil samples. Following extraction, the extracts are analyzed by liquid injection into a PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ8 GC/MS system. The results demonstrate that the method is accurate and reliable in the analysis of OP pesticides in soil samples.

PDF 2 MB
Determination of Bromoethane in Drinking Water

Bromoethane (EtBr) occurs both naturally and anthropogenically, and is widely used as a broad-spectrum pesticide in grain storage fumigation to prevent fungi and weed production, or control insect and rodent populations in storage facilities. Owing to potential health risks when inhaled or consumed, EtBr has been banned in many countries, in addition to being classified as a carcinogen and reproductive toxin by the State of California. Although many studies have focused on EtBr in ambient air, this work describes a method for the analysis of EtBr in drinking water, utilizing a headspace sampling technique, followed by analysis by GC/MS utilizing a Clarus SQ 8 system.

PDF 1 MB
Determination of Chlorofluorocarbons and Hydrochlorofluorocarbons in Polyether Polyols by HS-GCMS

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are fully or partially halogenated paraffin hydrocarbons. CFCs, in the form of polyether polyol mixtures, have been widely used as blowing agents in the manufacture of rigid polyurethane foams (PU) used as insulation products. Owing to the contribution to ozone depletion, the manufacturing and use of CFCs and HCFCs have been phased out under the Montreal Protocol (1987), however, recent studies have found that atmospheric levels of CFCs are significantly higher than expected, suggesting that production and use of CFCs are still on-going. In this study, trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11), chlorodifuoromethane (HCFC-22) and dichlorofluoroethane (HCFC-141b) in a polyether polyol matrix are investigated using a PerkinElmer Clarus® GC/MS with a TurboMatrix HS-40. Instrument method parameters utilized in the study are presented herein, with detailed results demonstrating superior precision, linearity, sensitivity and recovery.

PDF 519 KB
Determination of Low Level SVOCs in Drinking Water Using the Liquid-Liquid Extraction and GC/MS Large Volume Injection Method

Semivolatile organic compounds are readily found in the environment, and pose a threat to human and animal health. As such, most nations have placed limits on the amount and types of SVOCs that can be released into the environment, owing to their difficult degradation and numerous sources. One of the most widely referenced methods for the analysis of SVOCs in environmental matrices is US EPA Method 8270D.

In this application note, results are presented from an analysis utilizing Method 8270D with a fast and simple single-step liquid-liquid extraction technique, followed by a large-volume direct injection of the extract into a PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ8 GC/MS with a D-Swafer system for concentration, separation and quantification.

PDF 1 MB
Determination of Migration of Phthalate and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon from Food Contact Plastic Bags

Plastic bags are widely used in food packaging due to cost and flexibility, for example breakfast items such as hot steamed buns, oil cake and soybean milk are typically packaged in plastic. Leftovers, supermarket cooked food and even beer, are also packaged with plastic bags. Plastic packaging is very convenient but plasticizers and other additives dissolve and migrate into food during processing, heating and packaging, which can result in food contamination and permanent damage to human health and the environment.

This application note demonstrates a method for the determination of 16 phthalates (PAEs) and 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) leaching from plastic bags using the PerkinElmer Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS with electron ionization (EI) source. The method is based on the Chinese National Standards GB 31604.1-2015, GB 31604.30-2016 and GB 5009.265-2016. 1-3 Toluene is used as a solvent to extract the target compounds from the food simulants.

PDF 1 MB
Determination of Nine Carbonates in Lithium Ion Battery Electrolyte by GC/MS

The composition and content of carbonates, such as dimethyl carbonate and ethyl methyl carbonate, in electrolytic solution plays an important role in the development and quality control of lithium ion batteries. Monitoring the composition and ratio of carbonates has important implications for energy density, cycle life and the safety of lithium ion batteries.

Download this application note for a reliable methodology for the determination of nine carbonates found in lithium ion battery electrolytes. Utilizing a Clarus® SQ 8 GC/MS with EI source, this method offers precise results with the recovery, linearity and detection limits required by users in the lithium ion battery industry.

PDF 902 KB
Determination of Residual Solvents in Flexible Packaging According to EN 13628-2:2004

The solvents in the inks used to print flexible packaging may represent a possible source of food contamination and therefore must be controlled for quality and consumer safety. For the determination of residual solvents from printed materials, it is highly recommended that an analytical method such as the official UNI EN 13628-2:20041 is followed. This Application Note describes how GC (Gas Chromatography) analytical techniques can be used to determine the presence and quantity of residual solvents using the Clarus 580 GC / TurboMatrix Headspace system for swift and simple sample preparation and accurate analytical results.

PDF 2 MB
Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soils

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a series of compounds with boiling points from 50 to 250 degrees centigrade and are widely used as industrial chemicals/ solvents. Low concentrations of VOCs can have a significant impact on human health, as many are regarded as highly toxic, refractory and carcinogenic. The detection and determination of VOCs in the environment is of the upmost importance for both human and environmental health.

PDF 771 KB
Food Packaging Compendium

Need to ensure quality, safety and reliability of food packaging? This compendium of Application Notes will provide you with R&D and QA/QC insights from plastic food trays, to bags, films and canned goods. The compendium provides research data and experimental results for; mechanical durability testing, analyzing multi-layer flexible laminates, studying extractables and leachables such as epoxyphenal-based coating, and other volatile organic compounds.

PDF 12 MB
Identification of VOCs in In-Vehicle Interior

Customer complaints of odors within a new car are rising with the increasing number of new car buyers. Although odors can be subjective, it is now well known that the new car smell is the result of chemicals emitted from the in-vehicle interior components such as the dashboard, interior panels, seat coverings, flooring materials, and so on. This application note describes a method for the automotive industry that provides a qualitative analysis and the olfactory character of each component using the TD-GC/MS-Olfactory Port.

PDF 1 MB
In-situ Evolved Gas Analysis During the 3D Printing Procedure

This study utilizes the TG-GC/MS hyphenated module to obtain accurate thermal decomposition data with subsequent identification of the evolved breakdown products. PerkinElmer can provide effective hyphenated solutions to in-situ study, the chemical nature of evolved gases during 3D printing. At the same time, since the TGA 8000 can cover the temperature range up to 1200 °C, you can count on the TG-GC/MS platform to reverse-engineer target products regardless of a fully cured product or an additive included prepreg.

PDF 1 MB
Meeting EU REACH Requirements using Chemical Ionization Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry

The EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation was adopted in 2006 with the aim of protecting human and environmental health, along with the competitiveness of the chemical industry within the European Economic Area. The regulation places responsibility for chemical product evaluation and compliance on manufactures and importers, as opposed to the government.

In this application note, a method utilizing a PerkinElmer Clarus® GC/MS for the analysis of 4,4’-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol), also known as Ethyl 702, is described. The method fulfills the REACH requirement by using the ammonia adduct ion to confirm the compound molecular weight. Improved analytical results were obtained using a mass flow control (MFC) mechanism for the regulation of the CI reagent gas flow.

PDF 1 MB
Pesticide Residues Analysis by Clarus GC

This Application Note talks about pesticide residues analysis tested by Clarus 690 Gas Chromatograph

PDF 1 MB
The Analysis of VOCs in KN95 and Surgical Masks by Headspace Trap GC/MS

To meet the growing demand for personal protective equipment following the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, face mask production from existing and new manufacturers increased drastically. Testing masks to confirm they do not contain chemical residues, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), that may off-gas during normal wear is an integral part of this quality control process. This application note presents a method based on ISO-18562 and ISO-10093 to detect and quantify VOCs in face masks. Utilizing a solvent-free headspace extraction and GC/MS analysis, this method is ideal for PPE producers seeking a quick and precise method to ensure safety and quality standards are met during the production process.

PDF 1 MB
The Determination of Low Level BTEX in Drinking Water

BTEX is a grouping of structurally similar volatile organic compounds including benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and the three xylene isomers. These compounds are known pollutants and are typically found near petroleum production and storage sites. BTEX are regulated toxic compounds while benzene is also an EPA target carcinogen. The investigation of these compounds, especially in drinking water at low levels, is critical to protect public health. This application note focuses on exceeding the current EPA detection limit requirement for BTEX while meeting and/or exceeding all other criteria in EPA method 524.2 for these analytes.

PDF 468 KB

Article

Optimization of EPA 325 for Fast, Accurate Monitoring of VOCs

This study will demonstrate how the GC instrumental parameters are optimized so that VOCs, in addition to semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs), can be analyzed on the same instrumentation enabling enhanced throughput and laboratory efficiency. It will also discuss the number of samples required by each refinery depending on its size, in addition to the distribution of sampling sites around the refinery.

PDF 1 MB
Overcoming hurdles in cannabis and CBD testing

In this New Food article we discuss how to get around the challenges of the ever growing cannabis and CBD testing space. Read about our solutions for automated pesticide testing to cannabinoids to regulatory compliance.

PDF 1 MB

Brochure

Cannabis Testing Solutions Brochure

Whether your lab is well established or just starting up, having a single-source partner who can offer turnkey solutions that meet the current regulations is essential to a successful business. For years, we’ve worked with government and contract cannabis laboratories to develop industry-leading methods, technology, and exceptional return on investment. We help drive analytical standards and commit to ensuring your laboratory has maximum uptime. Learn about our various testing methods and applications for cannabis analyses. Let us work with you to build an efficient workflow, so you can focus on growing your business and brand.

PDF 9 MB
Comprehensive Testing Solutions for Feed Millers

Feed milling today is a complex business, and agribusinesses both large and small need to balance the nutritional and safety needs of livestock with availability of raw ingredients and their seasonality and variability. Add to that the valuable supplementation and medication that millers supply, and it’s clear: you’re creating a complete nutritional delivery system, not just a simple mix of grains.

PDF 3 MB
Grain Testing Solutions Brochure

The grain industry is very complex. It’s global, diverse, and can also present analytical challenges. Today’s grain users demand more when it comes to quality, safety, and uniformity. In addition, they seek diverse products with unique characteristics.

PerkinElmer is equipped to help the grain industry in its quest to feed the world – nutritiously and economically. Our testing and analysis solutions encompass the three primary areas required for complete knowledge of grains and their derivatives – composition, functionality, and safety.

PDF 6 MB
Interactive Brochure: From R&D to QA/QC

Innovation is the lifeblood of industrial polymer development – the push to improve materials or develop new ones infuses new life into the industry from R&D through to QA/QC. Manufacturers are continually challenged to ensure effective quality control and streamline processes while meeting stringent standards. Increasingly they must design for recycling and/or reuse in an ever more waste-adverse economy, keep a watchful eye on costs and stay ahead of the competition.

In response, we've gained years of experience developing a range of analytical capabilities to address a wide range of polymer analysis needs.

Download the interactive brochure to learn more about the most common challenges and our solutions in the market.

PDF 2 MB
Interactive Brochure: In-Depth Battery Component Testing

As the world moves to embrace renewable energy sources and reduce our global CO2 emissions, it will also be more dependent than ever on better battery technology, powering the demands of industries such as automotive, energy storage, and portable consumer goods like power tools, computers, and phones. We understand that laboratories analyzing battery components need reliable, accurate solutions and services to help them to:

  • Design and develop safer batteries that are resistant to heat and wear
  • Continue to improve on battery performance
  • Increase battery lifespan while reducing weight and mass

PDF 2 MB
Meat and Seafood Testing Solutions

Food testing labs like yours are constantly challenged with accurately analyzing samples quickly and efficiently - all while striving to reduce costs due to market forces. Your commitment to ensuring meat and seafood are safe for consumption, as demand increases, is an uphill battle.

Our commitment to you: to provide a range of solutions across multiple technologies, products, and services that meets or exceeds the testing needs of food processors. Our solutions offer more efficiency and increased accuracy and sensitivity for better yields in real time with minimal training.

From instrumentation and software to consumables and reagents to service and support, we are dedicated to providing you with end-to-end solutions that ease your everyday challenges of automation, throughput, service, and time to results.

PDF 6 MB
TurboMatrix Headspace and Headspace Trap Samplers for GC

Headspace gas chromatography offers an efficient sample-preparation technique that can save both time and money in the analysis of VOCs in a number of matrices. Headspace sampling is a separation technique which allows for the extraction of headspace vapor from a sealed sample, with subsequent injection directly into a GC. The technique obviates the need for time consuming and expensive solvent extractions, while also reducing the potential for human error in sample extraction.

PerkinElmer's TurboMatrix Headspace (HS) and Headspace Trap samplers utilize an array of proven technologies to ensure they deliver outstanding precision in any application. Learn more about PerkinElmer's HS solutions for up to 110 vials by downloading this brochure.

PDF 1 MB

Case Study

Weld County Colorado Partners with PerkinElmer to Optimize Water Testing

The Weld County Public Health Laboratory works in conjunction with both the Environmental Health and the Public Health Education departments to support a variety of testing programs including maintaining the quality of the county’s drinking water. They have partnered with PerkinElmer to optimize their water testing to include over 60 organic contaminates and a new method for methane.

PDF 744 KB

Ebook

Palm Oil Analysis. Complete lab solutions from upstream to downstream

Quality control-monitoring and testing are important in ensuring the quality of palm oil. The quality control parameters are used to judge the quality of palm oil products and it can be monitored and tested to ensure that the palm oil is not deliberately or accidentally adulterated.

PDF 11 MB

Field Application Report

Polymer Degradation Mechanisms Using Pyrolysis-GC MS Field Application Report

This report shows an example of three general degradation processes. The analytical system consisted of a Clarus GC/MS interfaced with a Pyrolysis Autosampler. Samples are rapidly pyrolyzed, automatically introduced into the GC carrier stream

PDF 493 KB

Flyer

Qualitative Analysis of Evolved Gases in Switchgrass by TG-GC/MS

The hyphenation of TG-GC/MS is a powerful tool for quality control, safety, and product development. This Flyer discusses the utility of PerkinElmer TG-GC/MS with an example application – the identification of specific organic acids evolved during TGA analysis of switchgrass.

PDF 267 KB

Guide

Evolved Gas Analysis - Hyphenated Technology Guide

The needs for polymer, pharmaceutical, chemicals, food and beverage, and environmental analyses are constantly changing due to innovation demands and regulation changes.

Evolved Gas Analysis (EGA) solutions combine multiple analytical technologies to empower speed and advanced information acquisition. Coupling Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA) systems with other analytical systems such as Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy represents the most complete and advanced EGA solutions for gaining insights beyond decomposition of materials, by carrying out in-depth characterization of the evolved gases.

This comprehensive technology guide is your guide to understanding how hyphenation provides the insights - not just WHEN something has happened, but also WHAT happened.

PDF 3 MB

Poster

Advanced Solutions for Polymers And Plastics Poster

Poster summarizing solutions of thermal analysis, molecular spectroscopy, chromatography and hyphenated techniques for polymers focused on providing more insight into product performance and process optimization that make easier

PDF 2 MB
Poster: Advanced Solutions for Polymers and Plastics

The Polymer Market consists of a huge diversity of manufacturers of industrial products running many different processes yet still facing similar challenges. There is more and more pressure to achieve high product quality and reduce costs in order to stay one step ahead of the competition.

PDF 2 MB

Product Note

TurboMatrix MultiPrep Product Note

With the new TurboMatrix MultiPrep+ and TurboMatrix MultiPrep autosamplers, PerkinElmer offers more choices than ever before to help you optimize the workflow of your gas chromatography instrument and maximize the throughput of your lab.

PDF 712 KB

Regulatory Compliance Certification

Product Certificate - Clarus SQ8 C, T, S

Product Certificate for the - Mass Spectrometer, Models Clarus SQ8 C, T, S

PDF 556 KB

White Paper

Assessment of Extractables and Leachables Associated with Pharmaceutical Packaging

Extractables and leachables studies are critical for maintaining the quality of your drug product and complying with GMP regulations during drug development and final batch release. Exposure to extractables and leachables could have a detrimental impact on the safety and efficacy of a final drug product. Testing for these contaminants is critical in every part of pharmaceutical packaging including the packaging system used to store drug products.

PDF 881 KB
Better Air Quality for a Cleaner Environment

Based on EPA modeling, Method EPA 325 A/B will lead to a reduction of an estimated 52,000 tons per year of volatile organic compounds being emitted into the environment. In the face of this major new environmental standard, we can all breathe a bit easier knowing that PerkinElmer’s innovative technologies, operational effectiveness, and environmental expertise is available to help you become compliant.

PDF 615 KB
White Paper: Criteria to Select Polymer Analytical Technologies

This white paper discusses what testing is required at each step in the polymer production lifecycle from R&D to manufacture to recycling. It explores the analytical technologies that will meet those testing needs, and important considerations to help you select the instrumentation that will provide you with actionable and reliable data.

From raw materials through intermediate and end products to recycling, each company needs a comprehensive and targeted testing program to ensure the quality of their work and regulatory compliance. Some operate their own in-house testing whilst others outsource testing to a contract laboratory for all or part of their analytical needs. In both scenarios, it is important that the company or laboratory carefully evaluate their needs and the ability of potential suppliers, instruments, and software to meet those needs.

PDF 1 MB