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Interactions between proteins are a key feature of many biochemical processes, for example cell signalling. In the absence of any enzymatic activity, measurement of protein:protein interactions has presented problems. Scintillation Proximity Assay (SPA) technology permits the direct measurement of binding of one protein to another.
SH2 and SH3 domains are small, independent domains of about 100 or 70 amino acid residues respectively. They are foundin a variety of proteins, and can occur together or separately. SH2 domains are thought to be involved in signal transduction mechanisms. Some SH2 domains control enzyme activity by binding membrane-bound receptors to regulate downstream events such as kinase cascades.