For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
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The LANCE® Ultra Human PD-1 Detection Kit is designed for detection and quantitation of human PD-1 in buffered solution and cell culture media using a homogeneous TR-FRET (no-wash steps, no separation steps) assay.
LANCE® and LANCE® (Lanthanide chelate excite) Ultra are our TR-FRET (time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer), homogeneous (no wash) technologies. One antibody of interest is labeled with a donor fluorophore (a LANCE Europium chelate) and the second molecule is labeled with an acceptor fluorophore (ULight™ dye). Upon excitation at 320 or 340 nm, energy can be transferred from the donor Europium chelate to the acceptor fluorophore if sufficiently close for FRET (~10 nm). This results in the emission of light at 665 nm.
Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), also known as cluster of differentiation 279 (CD279), belongs to immunoglobulin superfamily and is a transmembrane receptor protein. PD-1 is present on T –cells or B-cells and binds to ligands, such as PD-L1 and PD-L2, to down regulate the immune system by modulating many other cytokines and cytokine receptors. Anti PD-1 antibody drugs been shown to enhance the immune systems of several types of cancer patients.
|Assay Target Class||Protein|
|Detection Method||Time-Resolved Fluorescence (TRF), TR-FRET|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||LANCE Ultra|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||10,000 Assay Points|
Immuno-oncology is an exciting area within cancer research and among the most promising approaches to activating therapeutic antitumor immunity is through the blockade of immune checkpoints. The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint pathway is a negative regulator of T cell immune function. When PD-1 is bound to programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), T cell response is suppressed. Many tumor cells escape anti-tumor immunity through their expression of Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1 or B7-H1), which interacts with T cell-expressed PD-1 and results in T cell apoptosis. PD-L1 expression has been studied in multiple different cancers. While several anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies that block the PD-1/ PD-L1 complex formation have been developed to date, there remains a need for more robust, rapid, high-throughput assays to identify and qualify novel inhibitors of PD-1/PD-L1 binding and assays to detect expression levels of both binding partners. Find out how LANCE® Ultra Technology provides a fast, powerful, homogeneous platform for identifying and characterizing endogenous PD-L1 and PD-1 expression in human cells.