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The LANCE Ultra Human IFNγ Detection Kit is designed for detection and quantitation of human interferon gamma in cell culture media using a homogeneous TR-FRET (no-wash steps, no separation steps) assay.
The 500 point kit contains enough reagents to run 500 wells in 384-well format, using a 20 µL reaction volume (15 µL of sample). The 10,000 point kit contains enough reagents to run 10,000 wells in 384-well format, using a 20 µL reaction volume (15 µL of sample).
LANCE and LANCE (Lanthanide chelate excite) Ultra are our TR-FRET (time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer), homogeneous (no wash) technologies. One antibody of interest is labeled with a donor fluorophore (a LANCE Europium chelate) and the second molecule is labeled with an acceptor fluorophore (ULight™ dye). Upon excitation at 320 or 340 nm, energy can be transferred from the donor Europium chelate to the acceptor fluorophore if sufficiently close for FRET (~10 nm). This results in the emission of light at 665 nm.
Interferons (IFNs) activity has been discovered due to their antiviral effects. In humans, there are three families of IFNs: IFN type I (IFN-α, β, ω, ε, and κ), IFN type II (one single representative, IFN-γ), and IFN type III (IFN-λ1-3). Antigens and mitogens stimulate in Natural Killer (NK) and activated helper T lymphocytes (Th1) the production of IFN-γ. Human IFN-γ is a 140 amino acids polypeptide that shows multiple effects; it induces the production of cytokines, upregulates the expression of class I and II MHC antigens, and leukocyte adhesion molecules. It also activates macrophages, enhances the secretion of immunoglobulins by B cells, and potentiates Th1 cell expansion. Response to IFN-γ is mediated by the hetetodimeric IFN-γ Receptor, triggering a signalling cascade involving JAK1, JAK2, and STAT1. Importantly, IFNs have been proved to be effective in the treatment of several viral infections and cancers.
|Assay Target Class||Cytokine|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||LANCE Ultra|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||10,000 assay points|
The introduction of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in the early 1970’s offered researchers a non-radiometric immunoassay platform without compromising sensitivity. Over the last 50 years scientists have made huge strides in disease research and drug discovery and a demand for greater assay throughput and sensitivity has evolved. In response, more robust immunoassays have been developed to address some of the limitations of the standard, colorimetric ELISA.
Find out about the most common limitations of traditional ELISAs and how different ELISA alternative technologies address these limitations.