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Interleukin 6 (IL6) is a ~22 kDa pleiotropic cytokine that acts not only on the immune system, but also affects many physiological events in various organs. It is produced by T cells, macrophages, fibroblasts, osteoblasts, endothelial and other cells. IL6 exerts pro- or anti-inflammatory effects, depending on the target cell analyzed and the in vivo environmental circumstances. IL6 is a differentiation and proliferation factor for B and T cells, and acts as a migration factor on monocytic cells. It is the major activator of acute-phase protein expression in the liver, a hematopoietic factor, and acts as a survival factor on neuronal cells. IL6 signals through binding to the gp130/ IL-6R receptor complex, leading to the activation of JAK/STAT, MAPK and PI3K cascades.
AlphaLISA technology allows the detection of molecules of interest in a no-wash, highly sensitive, quantitative assay. In an AlphaLISA assay, a biotinylated anti-analyte antibody binds to the Streptavidin-coated Donor beads while another anti-analyte antibody is conjugated to AlphaLISA Acceptor beads. In the presence of the analyte, the beads come into close proximity. The excitation of the Donor beads causes the release of singlet oxygen molecules that triggers a cascade of energy transfer in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
|Assay Target Class||Cytokine|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||5,000 Assay Points|
The introduction of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in the early 1970’s offered researchers a non-radiometric immunoassay platform without compromising sensitivity. Over the last 50 years scientists have made huge strides in disease research and drug discovery and a demand for greater assay throughput and sensitivity has evolved. In response, more robust immunoassays have been developed to address some of the limitations of the standard, colorimetric ELISA.
Find out about the most common limitations of traditional ELISAs and how different ELISA alternative technologies address these limitations.
This manual explains how to run the AlphaLISA no-wash monkey IL-6 detection assay.