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AlphaLISA technology allows the detection of molecules of interest in buffer, cell culture media, serum and plasma in a highly sensitive, quantitative, reproducible and user-friendly mode. In an AlphaLISA assay, a Biotinylated Anti-Analyte Antibody binds to the Streptavidin-coated Alpha Donor beads, while another Anti-Analyte Antibody is conjugated to AlphaLISA Acceptor beads. In the presence of the analyte, the beads come into close proximity. The excitation of the Donor beads provokes the release of singlet oxygen molecules that triggers a cascade of energy transfer in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
HLA-C, also known as MHC class I antigen C, official full name as major histocompatibility complex, class I, C, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-C gene. HLA-C is a heterodimer consisting of a heavy chain and a light chain (β-2 microglobulin). The heavy chain is approximately 45 kDa and anchored in the membrane. HLA-C has a very specialized role in cell recognition by natural killer cells (NK cells) and cytotoxic T-cell. HLA-C binds to killer cell immunoglobulin like receptors to regulate NK cell cytolysis activities. Recently, HLA-C has been involved in immune response to HIV-1. This kit has been designed for the detection of Human HLA-C in cell lysate and cell culture media.
|Assay Target Class||Protein|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||5,000 Assay Points|
One approach to immunotherapy is the modulation of immune checkpoints that are critical in regulating the degree and duration of immune system responses and preventing autoimmunity.
In this application note, you will learn:
Immune checkpoints serve a critical role in the immune system to prevent autoimmunity and manage the degree and duration of an immune response. Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4 or CD152) is an inhibitory transmembrane protein involved in an immune checkpoint of significant interest for therapeutic development. When CTLA-4 is expressed and competes with CD28, the immune system response is downregulated. As a result of this immune system response balance, immune checkpoints provide an opportunity for therapeutic intervention to modulate immune system activity.
There is a high demand for new drugs to block CTLA-4 and modulate immune system activity. In this application note, we demonstrate how to screen for novel CTLA-4 blocking drugs by utilizing the AlphaLISA CTLA-4/CD80 binding assay.
Protocol for performing an AlphaLISA human HLA-C detection and quantitation assay