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Insulin is synthesized as a proinsulin hormone of 110 aa by Beta-cells of the islets of Langherans in the pancreas. After removal of the precursor signal peptide, proinsulin is post-translationally cleaved into two chains (peptide A of 21 aa and peptide B of 30 aa) that are covalently linked via two disulfide bonds and secreted upon increased glucose concentration in blood. Blood concentration increases from around 50 pmol/L to 300-400 pmol/L 30 min after glucose uptake. Insulin is a key player in the control of both carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and has been implicated in various diseases including diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
AlphaLISA technology allows the detection of molecules of interest in a no-wash, highly sensitive, quantitative assay. In an AlphaLISA assay, a biotinylated anti-analyte antibody binds to the Streptavidin-coated Donor beads while another anti-analyte antibody is conjugated to AlphaLISA Acceptor beads. In the presence of the analyte, the beads come into close proximity. The excitation of the Donor beads causes the release of singlet oxygen molecules that triggers a cascade of energy transfer in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
|Assay Target Class||Hormone|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||5,000 assay points|
The introduction of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in the early 1970’s offered researchers a non-radiometric immunoassay platform without compromising sensitivity. Over the last 50 years scientists have made huge strides in disease research and drug discovery and a demand for greater assay throughput and sensitivity has evolved. In response, more robust immunoassays have been developed to address some of the limitations of the standard, colorimetric ELISA.
Find out about the most common limitations of traditional ELISAs and how different ELISA alternative technologies address these limitations.