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This kit is designed for the detection of binding activity between human FCGR3A (176Val) and human IgG Fc fragment using a homogeneous AlphaLISA® assay (no wash steps). This assay can facilitate the design and development of antibody therapetics by using competitive binding.
These kits use IgG Fc AlphaLISA® Acceptor beads and Streptavidin-coated Donor beads to capture biotinylated human FCGR3A in a competition assay. Donor beads and Acceptor beads come into proximity through IgG Fc fragment binding to FCGR3A. Excitation of the Donor beads provokes the release of singlet oxygen that triggers a cascade of energy transfer reactions in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
The Fc-Gamma Receptors (FCGRs) are members of immunoglobulin superfamily and play a critical role in the function of therapeutic antibodies. FCGRs are divided into three classes and FCGR3 (CD16) is expressed as two distinct forms (FCGR3A and FCGR3B) encoded by two different highly homologous genes in a cell type specific manner. FCGR3A is a low/intermediate affinity receptor for polyvalent immune-complexed IgG. It is involved in phagocytosis, secretion of enzymes and inflammatory mediators, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), mast cell degranulation and clearance of immune complexes. In humans, a single nucleotide polymorphism creates two isoforms: high binding (176Val/V158) and low binding (176Phe/F158) forms that, when homozygous, may influence susceptibility to autoimmune diseases or response to therapeutic IgG antibodies. FCGR3A has been considered as an important therapeutic target. This AlphaLISA assay can be used to determine the binding activity of human IgG Fc fragment to human FCGR3A and also can be used to study how other antibodies bind to FCGR3A by competition assay.
|Assay Target Class||Fc-receptor|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||100 assay points|
Therapeutic antibodies have proven to be effective and safe treatments for various diseases, and understanding the binding of therapeutic antibodies to Fc receptors provides insights into their mechanism of action (MOA), efficacy, and safety. During early drug development, as potential therapeutic antibodies are selected and engineered, changes in Fc receptor affinity can be indicative of changes in effector function and serum half-life.
In this application note, we demonstrate how AlphaLISA® biochemical Fc receptor binding assays provide easy, robust methods to measure the binding of potential therapeutic antibodies to human Fc receptor proteins.