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C-X-C Motif Chemokine 1 (CXCL1) is an 11 kDa chemokine and is part of the intercrine alpha (chemokine CXC) family. The secreted protein is proteolytically processed at the N-terminus and the processed form is usually referred to as GRO-α. CXCL1 is expressed by macrophages, neutrophils and epithelial cells. Its synthesis is induced by a variety of inflammatory mediators such as PDGF, M-CSF, TNFα, LPS, and TLR 4. The major role of CXCL1 is its chemoacttractant activity on neutrophils. CXCL1 plays a role in inflammation and exerts its effects on endothelial cells in an autocrine way. CXCL1 is implicated in spinal cord development, angiogenesis, inflammation, wound healing, and tumorigenesis. CXCL1 is overexpressed in invasive bladder cancer and is secreted by human melanoma cells.
AlphaLISA technology allows the detection of molecules of interest in a no-wash, highly sensitive, quantitative assay. In an AlphaLISA assay, a biotinylated anti-analyte antibody binds to the Streptavidin-coated Donor beads while another anti-analyte antibody is conjugated to AlphaLISA Acceptor beads. In the presence of the analyte, the beads come into close proximity. The excitation of the Donor beads causes the release of singlet oxygen molecules that triggers a cascade of energy transfer in the Acceptor beads, resulting in a sharp peak of light emission at 615 nm.
|Assay Target Class||Cytokine|
|Experimental Type||In vitro|
|Product Brand Name||AlphaLISA|
|Shipping Condition||Blue Ice|
|Unit Size||500 assay points|
The introduction of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in the early 1970’s offered researchers a non-radiometric immunoassay platform without compromising sensitivity. Over the last 50 years scientists have made huge strides in disease research and drug discovery and a demand for greater assay throughput and sensitivity has evolved. In response, more robust immunoassays have been developed to address some of the limitations of the standard, colorimetric ELISA.
Find out about the most common limitations of traditional ELISAs and how different ELISA alternative technologies address these limitations.
A variety of chemotherapeutic drugs with different modes of action have been developed and tested as potential therapies for colorectal cancer. Characterizing the effects of potential drugs with different modes of action is a key part of the process.
In this application note you will learn:
Various cytokines are secreted during an active immune response that can have modulatory effects on target cell populations, including interferon gamma (IFN-ɣ), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) and several interleukins.
In this application note, you will learn how we investigated: