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2-mercaptoethanol and bead interference

The table below shows results from a compound interference study. We tested a panel of 24 compounds in a QC assay using our AlphaLISA® toolbox bead products. The information below can be used for guidance as to whether 2-mercaptoethanol might interfere in assays involving particular bead products, and at what 2-mercaptoethanol concentration interference might occur. These data are derived from single experiments and should serve more as a guide rather than a precise value, as it is unlikely you will be using the exact same assay design as used to generate the data below. Interference concentrations may vary depending on the assay components. It is possible your assay will tolerate higher or lower concentration than what is shown.

Tested up to 0.1M
Catalog NumberProductNo effect (10%)50% loss% of inhibition at max conc
AL125Streptavidin AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads5.6E-041.1E-0282
AL126Protein L AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads1.0E-02>0.143
AL127Anti-FITC AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads4.4E-041.6E-0257
AL128 (biotin)Anti-6xHis AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads4.0E-033.5E-0265
AL128 (GSH)Anti-6XHis AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads7.0E-043.0E-0257
AL129Anti-V5 AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads3.5E-034.8E-0267
AL130Anti-mouse IgM AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads7.2E-052.8E-0269
AL131Anti-chicken IgY AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads3.7E-037.5E-0254
AL132Anti-sheep IgG AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads7.6E-035.9E-0258
AL133Anti-GFP AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads1.7E-032.6E-0272
AL134Anti-MBP AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads2.1E-033.5E-0270
AL136Strep-Tactin AlphaLISA Acceptor Beads3.8E-032.9E-0263
AS102Protein A Alpha Donor Beads1.9E-043.2E-0389
AS103Anti-FLAG Alpha Donor Beads6.3E-03>0.142
AS104Anti-mouse IgG Alpha Donor Beads1.8E-053.5E-0390
AS105Anti-rabbit IgG Alpha Donor Beads5.6E-041.1E-0282
AS106Strep-Tactin Alpha Donor Beads1.8E-043.6E-0368
AL900AlphaLISA TruHits kit 2 ug/mL8.1E-044.7E-0269
AL900AlphaLISA TruHits kit 20 ug/mL1.2E-033.8E-0267

Refer to the figure below for more detail as to what the values in the table above indicate. Please note that the figure is provided as a general example to explain how the values in our interference tables were determined. The table above indicates that an assay testing the effect of 2-mercaptoethanol using anti-6X His AlphaLISA Acceptor beads (with glutathione Donor beads) showed little effect on the assay signal at final 2-mercaptoethanol concentrations up to 0.7 mM. 2-mercaptoethanol did show a half-maximal inhibition of signal when used at a final concentration of 30 mM. When 0.1 M 2-mercaptoethanol was included in the assay, 57% signal inhibition was observed.

Figure: Key for how the values in our interference tables are derived. The “no effect” concentration was obtained by extrapolating the MAX - 10% MAX counts. Refer to the table above for actual interference values for each toolbox bead product.